Dalmatia

Tribunj

Dalmatia, with its 1,200 km of coastline, an area of 12,158 km and 862,000 inhabitants is a geographical and historical region of Croatia and extends from the island of Pag in the North all to the Kotor Bay in the South. It is divided into Northern Dalmatia, Central- and Southern Dalmatia. The most important cities are Split, Zadar and Dubrovnik.

The Dalmatian landscape is a rugged and karst one, whose main features are the about 1,000 islands. Their total area covers 2,070 km², 16 % of which corresponds to the area of Dalmatia. The Mediterranean climate with an average temperature of 25 °C in summer annually attracts thousands of holiday guests from all over the world.
Typical for the region is the Scirocco, a hot wind that blows from the South. On the other hand, the occasional cold downdraft Bura can reach speeds up to 250 km/h and therefore counts as one of the world's strongest winds.

The Dalmatian coast is not only ideal for swimming and sunbathing, it also offers a lot of possibilities for various sports such as sailing, diving and windsurfing as well as hiking, climbing and cycling. Many of Dalmatia's beaches bear the "Blue Flag" - the international award that is given only to especially neat and clean beaches – and thus guarantee pure bathing fun.

North Dalmatia is particularly varied, not only in a natural, but also in a historic and architectural point of view. Zadar itself is the most important city and its picturesque Old Town located on a peninsula counts as one of the most beautiful in the country. From there you can reach the islands of the Zadar archipelago as rapidly as the fertile land around the city, where the aromatic cherries for the famous maraschino liquor are grown. The practically uninhabited and almost pristine Kornati Islands were declared a National park and are very popular with divers and sailors and can be visited in organized tours. Located in the Velebit Mountains and close to the coast, the National park Paklenica is fascinating because of its fantastic panorama and the very rich flora and fauna.

Central Dalmatia is the largest tourist region and its biggest city, Split, is often revered to as the true heart of the Mediterranean. The historic center of Split and Trogir, which is about 30 km further away, have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The old town of Sibenik is an outstanding attraction of this region and the Trg Republike Hrvatske Square in front of the mighty cathedral counts as one of the most beautiful town squares in Croatia. The former pirate's harbor Omis, situated at the outfall of the river Cetina, is known for whitewater rafting trips. If you like it quiet, you can conquer the river mouth by canoe. The National park Krka offers magnificent and fascinating waterfalls you can explore.

South Dalmatia is probably the sunniest and mildest region of Dalmatia. The narrow coastline beckons with a unique landscape, starting with the Makarska Riviera all the way to the majestic panorama of the karst Biokovo mountain. From Mount Srd one can enjoy the breathtaking view of the picturesque old town of Dubrovnik, which certainly is one of the most beautiful places in the world. The city, surrounded by a mighty fortress wall, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is called "Croatian Athens" and "Pearl of the Adriatic" for a reason. The islands in front, which Marco Polo called his home, are regarded as unique in the whole Mediterranean. One of the most fertile areas here is the Neretva Valley, where people grow figs, oranges, tangerines and grapes.